Versions of Routing Information Protocol

Versions of Routing Information Protocol

 

Versions of Routing Information Protocol. In this article I will explain you the available versions of RIP, Although this protocol is not used widely as it’s almost obsolete technology however, it’s good to know about it’s existence. In my previous article I briefed you about what is RIP and how it works.

 

RIP has two versions, Version 1 (RIPv1) and Version 2 (RIPv2).
RIPv1 (RFC 1058) is classful, and thus does not include the subnet mask
with its routing table updates. Because of this, RIPv1 does not support
Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSMs). When using RIPv1, networks
must be contiguous, and subnets of a major network must be configured with identical subnet masks. Otherwise, route table inconsistencies (or worse) will occur.
RIPv1 sends updates as broadcasts to address 255.255.255.255.
RIPv2 (RFC 2543) is classless, and thus does include the subnet mask with
its routing table updates. RIPv2 fully supports VLSMs, allowing
discontiguous networks and varying subnet masks to exist.
Other enhancements offered by RIPv2 include:
• Routing updates are sent via multicast, using address 224.0.0.9
• Encrypted authentication can be configured between RIPv2 routers
• Route tagging is supported (explained in a later section)
RIPv2 can interoperate with RIPv1. By default:
• RIPv1 routers will sent only Version 1 packets
• RIPv1 routers will receive both Version 1 and 2 updates
• RIPv2 routers will both send and receive only Version 2 updates
We can control the version of RIP a particular interface will “send” or
“receive.”

NOTE:
Unless RIPv2 is manually specified, a Cisco will default to RIPv1 when
configuring RIP.

In my next article I will show you the basic configuration of RIP on a Cisco 7200 Device. Stay Tuned!




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